Eczema is a chronic skin condition that produces itchy rashes that are scaly, dry, and leathery. It can appear anywhere on the body and most often appears in the creases of the arms, legs, and face. Something that many people may not know is that there are multiple types of eczema. They all share some common symptoms but are all different depending on the nature of what triggers the reaction and the location of the rash.
Types of Eczema
This is the most frequent and common form of eczema and it’s thought to be caused by the body’s immune system functioning abnormally. It’s characterized by itchy, inflamed skin and typically runs in families. Atopic Dermatitis usually flares up and goes away intermittently throughout a person’s life.
This is caused when the skin comes in contact with an irritant such as certain chemicals. Finding what triggers a breakout is important so that it can be prevented in the future. Triggers may be things like laundry detergent, body soap, fabrics, poison ivy, and more.
Dyshidrotic Dermatitis usually affects the palms and soles of the feet. It is characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn and occurs frequently during summer months and in warm areas.
This form of eczema is a chronic skin inflammation caused by a cycle of scratching to a localized itch, such as a mosquito bite or spider bite. It’s characterized by scaly patches of skin, usually on the head, lower legs, wrists, and forearms. The skin may become thickened and leathery.
This form is characterized by round patches of irritated skin that can be crusted, scaly, and very itchy. It frequently appears on the back, arms, buttocks, and lower legs.
This is a common condition that causes yellow, oily, and scaly patches on the scalp, face, and other body parts. Dandruff is a form of Seborrheic Dermatitis. This form of eczema doesn’t always itch. Triggers can include weather, oily skin, emotional stress, and infrequent shampooing.
This appears on the lower legs of older people and is related to circulation and vein problems. Symptoms can include itching and red-brown discoloration on the skin the legs. As the condition progresses it can lead to blistering, oozing, and skin lesions.
Eczema comes in all shapes and sizes and can be triggered by many things. If you have questions about eczema or want to make an appointment, call our office today!
If you have fair skin, you are often told to stay out of the sun, or to at least wear sunscreen with the highest SPF. Fair skin ranges from being extremely dry to very greasy, but the most common denominator is a susceptibility to irritation, sensitivity and damage caused by UV exposure.
- Choose a good cleanser that is gentle and won’t dry out your skin.
- Use a good moisturizer that replenishes the skin without clogging pores.
- Protect your skin from the elements.
- Schedule routine skin checks with your dermatologist
In the summer—or any season for that matter—protecting your kids from the sun’s harmful rays is a must. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, it is estimated that 80% of lifetime sun exposure occurs during childhood—that one blistering sunburn can double the risk of getting melanoma later in life. Protect your children now so that you can protect them for a lifetime from skin cancer and other skin conditions.
The American Academy of Dermatology and the American Academy of Pediatrics offer five important steps to sun safety for children. By following these tips, you can continue to protect your children from the harmful effects of the sun:
- Limit outdoor activity between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. This is when the sun’s rays are the strongest. Even when it is cloudy or cool out, the ultraviolet (UV) rays continue to remain strong. Shady areas can even be tricky because of reflected light.
- Apply sunscreen properly. Thirty minutes prior to your child going out in the sun, it is important to apply sunscreen with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 15 or higher. Scented or colorful sunscreens might appeal to some kids and can even make it easier to see which areas have been covered properly. When applying sunscreen, don’t forget the nose, ears, hands, feet, shoulders and behind the neck.
- Cover up. Wearing protective clothing is also an excellent choice in protecting your children from the sun’s harmful rays. When wet, light-colored clothing transmits just as much sunlight as bare skin, so keep your kids covered in dark colors, long sleeves and pants whenever possible. Also, don’t forget the sunglasses and hats for added protection.
- Understand your child’s medications. Some medications can increase your child’s skin sensitivity to the sun, so make sure to ask your doctor whether your child is at risk or not. The most notorious culprits of this sensitivity tend to be prescription antibiotics and acne medications.
- Set a good example. Remember, your children will often mirror your actions so make sure you follow these sun safety rules as well. Skin protection is not only important for children, but it is vital for every member of the family—regardless of age. Team up with your children and stay protected when life brings you outside to bask in the sunshine.
Contact your dermatologist for more information on how you can successfully protect your children from the sun’s harmful rays. While it is not required to avoid the sun altogether, your dermatologist does urge you to take every precaution possible to protect your child for a lifetime.
Have you ever desired a clearer complexion or firmer skin? Or maybe you wish to eliminate unwanted sunspots or have a tattoo removed. You may benefit from visiting a cosmetic dermatologist.
Cosmetic dermatology deals with the treatment of skin conditions with the goal of improving appearance. Cosmetic dermatologists have completed fellowship training in cosmetic procedures, focusing on esthetic issues such as wrinkles and tone and texture of the skin.
Why Might I Visit a Cosmetic Dermatologist?
You may enlist the expertise of a cosmetic dermatologist if you are unsatisfied with the appearance of your skin. From concealing wrinkles and fine lines to the removal of hair and sunspots, there are many cosmetic treatments available to help you accomplish your skin care goals.
Some of the common procedures performed by a cosmetic dermatologist include:
- Chemical peels
- Laser hair removal
- Tattoo removal
- Botox injections
How to Choose a Cosmetic Dermatologist
Choose a board certified dermatologist, which shows that the doctor has completed the appropriate training and is qualified to handle all of your skin needs.
Look for a cosmetic dermatologist who has specialized training and experience in your area of interest. If you are interested in Botox, for instance, ask if your doctor is trained in this area of cosmetic dermatology and how many procedures he or she has performed.
Find a dermatologist who demonstrates a long track record of experience delivering excellent results for the procedures and treatments you are interested in. Reviews from other patients will showcase the doctor’s commitment to quality care.
Attentive to Your Needs
Finally, find a dermatologist who you feel comfortable with. A good cosmetic dermatologist will be attentive to your needs, listen to your goals for treatment and provide the best combination of services to optimize your skin health.
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